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Internet.. y eso ¿qué es?

¿Estamos en la era de la información o es un mero espejismo?. Mientras el mundo occidental y desarrollado disfruta de las ventajas del uso de las Tecnologías de la información, una gran parte de la humanidad (más del 55%) no ha utilizado nunca internet y el 26% de ella no sabe ni que es.

Esta es la conclusión más destacada de un reciente estudio de la consultora Alpha Research, que desmitifica la idea de que la web es algo que está en la vida de todos y que es ya una herramienta indispensable para vivir.


"Fractura Digital"

Casi una sexta parte de la población mundial es "usuaria" de las Tecnologías de la información. En total unos 932 millones sobre los 6.000 millones que habitan el mundo. Aunque si hablamos de usuarios "activos", es decir aquellos que se conectan a menudo o que realizan una actividad cotidiana de la red, esta cifra es aún menor.

La inmensa mayoría de estos internautas están concentrados en países desarrollados económicamente y aunque para el año 2007 se prevé que el número de habitantes online se incrementará en unos 400 millones más (alcanzando los 1.350 millones, según datos de Computer Industry Almanac), este hecho se producirá en aquellos países que ya tienen una base consolidada de usuarios siendo el aumento muy menor en los países del tercer mundo y subdesarrollados.

Los más conectados

Estados Unidos, China (aunque en este caso el porcentaje de población online es aún muy bajo), encabezan el ranking de países con mayor número de usuarios online. Eso sí, si observamos el ranking desde otra perspectiva, es decir el porcentaje de población online el ranking varia de manera importante.


África, por el contrario encabeza la región con menor número de usuarios online. Somalia, con 200 usuarios, seguido de El Congo con 500, Liberia con 600 y la Guinea Ecuatorial con 900, son los países en los que acceso a las nuevas tecnologías es aun un lujo disponible solo para las capas más selectas de la comunidad.

Top 15 Countries in Internet Usage

Fuente Computer Industry Almanac

Year-end 2004:
Internet Users (#K)
Share %
1. U.S.
185,550
19.86
2. China
99,800
10.68
3. Japón
78,050
8.35
4. Alemania
41,880
4.48
5. India
36,970
3.96
6. UK
33,110
3.54
7. Corea del Sur
31,670
3.39
8. Italia
25,530
2.73
9. Francia
25,470
2.73
10. Brasil
22,320
2.39
11. Rusia
21,230
2.27
12. Canadá
20,450
2.19
13. México
13,880
1.49
14. España
13,440
1.44
15. Australia
13,010
1.39
Top 15 países
662,360
70.88
Total Mundo
934,480
100
Active Internet Users by Country, September 2004, Home

Fuente Nielsen Netratings

Country August
2004
September
2004
Growth % Change
Australia 8.817.815 8.850.479 0.37% 32.664
Brazil 12.019.552 11.992.791 -0.22% -26.762
France 14.222.597 15.197.078 6.85% 974.481
Germany 29.215.331 30.073.931 2.94% 858.600
Hong Kong 2.673.388 2.483.261 -7.11% -190.127
Italy 14.930.690 16.622.066 11.33% 1.691.376
Japan 35.646.372 36.277.805 1.77% 631.433
Spain 7.466.380 8.498.602 13.82% 1.032.222
Sweden 4.694.397 4.646.457 -1.02% -47.940
Switzerland 3.321.652 3.170.841 -4.54% -150.812
United
Kingdom
21.783.154 22.505.058 3.31% 721.903
United
States
137.038.072 135.423.830 -1.18% -1.614.242
TOTALS 291.829.401 295.742.198 1.34% 3.912.797
 
Nation Population
(CIA's World
Factbook)
Internet Users
(CIA's World
Factbook)
Afghanistan 28.71 million NA
Albania 3.58 million 12,000
Algeria 32.81 million 180,000
Andorra 69,150 24,500
Angola 10.76 million 60,000
Anguilla 12,738 919
Antigua and Barbuda 67,897 5,000
Argentina 38.74 million 4.65 million
.
Armenia 3.32 million 30,000
Aruba 70,844 24,000
Australia 19.73 million 13.01 million
.
Austria 8.18 million 4.65 million
.
Azerbaijan 7.83 million 25,000
The Bahamas 297,477 16,900
Bahrain 667,238 140,200
Bangladesh 138.44 million 150,000
Barbados 277,264 6,000
Belarus 10.33 million 422,000
Belgium 10.28 million 4.87 million
.
Belize 266,440 18,000
Benin 7.04 million 25,000
Bhutan 2.13 million 2,500
Bolivia 8.58 million 78,000
Bosnia and Herzegovian 3.98 million 45,000
Botswana 1.57 million 33,000
Brazil 182.03 million 22.32 million
.
Brunei 358,098 35,000
Bulgaria 7.53 million 1.61 million
.
Burkina Faso 13.22 million 25,000
Burma 42.51 million 10,000
Burundi 6.09 million 6,000
Cambodia 13.12 million 10,000
Cameroon 15.74 million 45,000
Canada 32.20 million 20.45 million
.
Cape Verde 412,137 12,000
Cayman Islands 41,934 NA
Central African Republic 3.68 million 2,000
Chad 9.25 million 4,000
Chile 15.66 million 5.04 million
.
China 1.28 billion 99.80 million
.
Colombia 41.66 million 1.87 million
.
Comoros 632,948 2,500
Congo, Democratic
Republic of the
56.62 million 6,000
Congo, Republic 2.95 million 500
Cook Islands 21,008 NA
Costa Rica 3.89 million 384,000
Cote d'Ivoire 16.96 million 70,000
Croatia 4.42 million 480,000
Cuba 11.26 million 120,000
Cyprus 771,657 150,000
Czech Republic 10.24 million 3.53 million
.
Denmark 5.38 million 3.72 million
.
Djibouti 457,130 3,300
Dominica 69,655 2,000
Dominican Republic 8.71 million 186,000
East Timor 977,853 NA
Ecuador 13.71 million 328,000
Egypt 74.71 million 2.42 million
.
El Salvador 6.47 million 40,000
Equatorial Guinea 510,473 900
Eritrea 4.36 million 10,000
Estonia 1.40 million 620,000
Ethiopia 66.55 million 20,000
Faroe Islands 46,345 3,000
Fiji 856,300 15,000
Finland 5.19 million 3.27 million
.
France 60.18 million 25.47 million
.
French Guiana 182,917 2,000
French Polynesia 262,125 16,000
Gabon 1.32 million 18,000
Gambia 1.5 million 5,000
Georgia 4.93 million 25,000
Germany 82.39 million 41.88 million
.
Ghana 20.46 million 200,000
Gilbraltar 27,776 NA
Greece 10.66 million 2.71 million
.
Greenland 56,385 20,000
Grenada 89,258 5,200
Guadeloupe 440,189 4,000
Guam 163,941 5,000
Guatemala 13.90 million 200,000
Guernsey 64,818 NA
Guinea 9.03 million 15,000
Guinea-Bissau 1.36 million 4,000
Guyana 702,100 95,000
Haiti 7.52 million 30,000
Honduras 6.66 million 40,000
Hong Kong 7.39 million 4.58 million
.
Hungary 10.04 million 2.94 million
.
Iceland 200,000 198,000
.
India 1.04 billion 36.97 million
.
Indonesia 234.89 million 12.86 million
.
Iran 68.27 million 420,000
Iraq 24.68 million 12,500
Ireland 3.92 million 1.81 million
.
Isle of Man 74,261 NA
Islas Malvinas (Falkland Islands) 2,967 NA
Israel 6.11 million 3.13 million
.
Italy 57.99 million 25.53 million
.
Jamaica 2.69 million 100,000
Japan 127.21 million 78.05 million
.
Jersey 90,156 NA
Jordan 5.46 million 212,000
Kazakhstan 16.76 million 100,000
Kenya 31.63 million 500,000
Kiribati 98,549 1,000
Kuwait 2.18 million 200,000
Kyrgyzstan 4.89 million 51,600
Laos 5.92 million 10,000
Latvia 2.34 million 455,000
Lebanon 3.72 million 300,000
Lesotho 1.86 million 5,000
Liberia 3.31 million 500
Libya 5.49 million 20,000
Liechtenstein 33,14 NA
Lithuania 3.59 million 480,000
Luxembourg 454,157 100,000
Macau 469,903 101,000
Macedonia 2.06 million 100,000
Madagascar 16.97 million 35,000
Malawi 11.65 million 35,000
Malaysia 23.09 million 10.04 million
.
Maldives 329,684 6,000
Mali 11.62 million 30,000
Malta 400,420 59,000
Marshall Islands 56,429 900
Martinique 425,966 5,000
Mauritania 2.91 million 7,500
Mauritius 1.21 million 158,000
Mexico 104.90 million 13.88 million
.
Micronesia 108,143 2,000
Moldova 4.43 million 15,000
Monaco 32,130 NA
Mongolia 2.71 million 40,000
Montserrat 8,995 NA
Morocco 31.68 million 400,000
Mozambique 17,47 million 22,500
Namibia 1.92 million 45,000
Nauru 12,570 NA
Nepal 26.46 million 60,000
The Netherlands 16.15 million 9.79 million
Netherlands Antilles 216,226 2,000
New Caledonia 210,798 24,000
New Zealand 3.95 million 2.34 million
Nicaragua 5.12 million 20,000
Niger 10.05 million 12,000
Nigeria 133.88 million 100,000
Niue 2,145 NA
Norfolk Island 1,853 NA
North Korea 22.46 million NA
Northern Mariana Islar 80,006 NA
Norway 4.54 million 3.03 million
Oman 2.80 million 120,000
Pakistan 150.69 million 1.2 million
Palau 19,717 NA
Panama 2.96 million 45,000
Papua New Guinea 5.29 million 135,000
Paraguay 6.03 million 20,000
Peru 28.40 million 4.57 million
.
Philippines 84.61 million 5.96 million
.
Pitcairn Islands 47 NA
Poland 38.62 million 10.4 million
.
Portugal 10.10 million 6.09 million
.
Puerto Rico 3.88 million 600,000
Qatar 817,052 75,000
Reunion 755,171 10,000
Romania 22.27 million 4.94 million
.
Russia 144.52 million 21.23 million
.
Rwanda 7.81 million 20,000
St. Kitts and Nevis 38,763 2,000
St. Lucia 162,157 3,000
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 116,812 3,500
Samoa 178,173 3,000
San Marino 28,119 NA
Sao Tome and Principe 175,883 9,000
Saudi Arabia 24.29 million 2.54 million
.
Senegal 10.58 million 100,000
Seychelles 80,469 9,000
Sierra Leone 5.73 million 20,000
Singapore 4.60 million 2.75 million
.
Slovakia 5.43 million 1.61 million
.
Slovenia 1.93 million 930,000
Solomon Islands 509,190 8,400
Somalia 8.02 million 200
South Africa 43.6 million 4.78 million
.
South Korea 42.76 million 31.67 million
.
Spain 40.21 million 13.44 million
.
Sri Lanka 19.74 million 121,500
Sudan 38.11 million 56,000
Suriname 435,449 14,500
Svalbard 2,811 NA
Swaziland 1.16 million 14,000
Sweden 8.87 million 6.12 million
.
Switzerland 7.31 million 4.60 million
.
Syria 17.58 million 60,000
Taiwan 22.60 million 9.52 million
.
Tajilistan 6.86 million 5,000
Tanzania 35.92 million 300,000
Thailand 64.26 million 7.57 million
.
Togo 5.42 million 50,000
Tokelau 1,418 NA
Tonga 108,141 1,000
Trinidad and Tobago 1.10 million 120,000
Tunisia 9.92 million 400,000
Turkey 68.10 million 7.27 million
.
Turkmenistan 4.77 million 2,000
Turks and Caicos 19,350 NA
Tuvalu 11,305 NA
Uganda 25.63 million 60,000
Ukraine 48.05 million 5.2781 million
.
United Arab Emirates 2.48 million 900,000
United Kingdom 60.09 million 33.11 million
.
United States 290.34 million 185.55 million
.
Uruguay 3.41 million 600,000
.
Uzbekistan 25.98 million 100,000
Vanuatu 199,414 3,000
Venezuela 24.65 million 2.31 million
.
Vietnam 81.62 million 400,000
Virgin Islands 124,778 12,000
Wallis and Futuna 15,734 NA
Western Sahara 261,794 NA
Yemen 19.34 million 17,000
Zambia 10.30 million 25,000
Zimbabwe 12.57 million 100,000

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